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News, Events, Birthdays, History - October 29 - November 6


Birthdays

John Adams - October 30, 1735
Adams came to prominence in the early John Adamsstages of the American Revolution. As a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, he played a leading role in persuading Congress to adopt the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776. He would later serve two terms as George Washington's Vice-President, and then go on to become the second President of the United States. During the revolutionary period, Adams and his wife Abigail corresponded regularly. Their letters survived, and give us all an outstanding window into the lives, fears and dreams of those who fought for American independence.


Daniel Boone - November 2, 1734
Daniel Boone was an American pioneer and hunter whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now the U.S. state of Kentucky, which was then beyond the western borders of the Thirteen Colonies.


Walter Cronkite - November 4, 1916
Cronkite was an American broadcast journalist, best known as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years (196281). Opinion polls during the 1960s and 70s raned him as the "the most trusted man in America" His reported career spanned over five decades, and included coverage of bombings in World War II, the Nuremberg trials, combat in the Vietnam War,the death of President John F. Kennedy, Watergate, the Iran Hostage Crisis, and the Apollo moon landings.



Events

Mount Rushmore Completed: October 31, 1941Mount Rushmore
Mount Rushmore is a monumental granite sculpture located in the Black Hills of South Dakota. The sculpture depicts the heads of four former United States Presidents - George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. Tourism is South Dakota's second-largest industry, and Mount Rushmore is its top tourist attraction. In 2004, over two million visitors traveled to the memorial.


President Occupies the White House - November 1, 1800
Construction of the White House began in 1792, only a few years after America won independence from the British. Construction was completed in 1800, and John Adams was the first President to live in the residence. The total cost of construction was $232,372 - a monumental figure in those days. On August 24, 1814, during the War of 1812, British troops burned the White House in retaliation for an earlier burning of Canadian government buildings in York, Ontario, by the United States. The residence was rebuilt, and it would be the largest house in the United States until after the Civil War.


Spruce Goose Flight - November 2, 1947
In 1942, the U.S. Department of War was faced with the need to transport war materiel and personnel to Britain. Allied shipping Spruce Goosein the Atlantic Ocean was suffering heavy losses to German U-boats, so a requirement was issued for an aircraft that could cross the Atlantic with a large payload. Due to wartime priorities, the design was further constrained in that the aircraft could not be made of metal.

The Hughes H-4 Hercules - designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft company, was the largest flying boat ever built, and has the largest wingspan and height of any aircraft in history.. Built from wood, it was nicknamed the "Spruce Goose" by its critics. The plan survives in good condition at the Evergreen Aviation museum in McMinnville, Oregon.


Dewey Defeats Truman Headline - November 3, 1948
"Dewey Defeats Truman" was a famously incorrect banner headline on the front page of the Chicago Tribune on November 3, 1948, Dewey Defeats Truman
the day after incumbent United States President Harry S. Truman won the 1948 Presidential Election in an upset victory. The paper's erroneous headline became notorious after a jubilant Truman was photographed holding a copy of the paper. Truman's joy was no doubt increased by the gaffe from the staunchly conservative Republican Chicago Tribune, which had once referred to Truman as a "nincompoop". In a retrospective article over half a century later about the newspaper's most famous and most embarrassing headline, the Tribune wrote that Truman "had as low an opinion of the Tribune as it did of him."